ISSN: 2394 - 1766
UGC Sl No.: 4142 | Journal No.: 44870

PEER REVIEW

What is peer review process?

TYPES OF PEER REVIEW PROCESS

There are mainly, three techniques of peer review. Each type carries with it some clear Pros and Cons.

SINGLE BLIND REVIEW

The details of the Authors are not disclosed to Reviewers. This is the general method of reviewing and is, by far, the most used type.

Advantage:

  • Reviewer can review freely from influence by the author.

Disadvantages:

  • Authors fear the risk that reviewers working in the same field may restrict submission of the review in order to delay Certification, thereby giving the reviewer the opportunity to publish first.

DOUBLE BLIND REVIEW

Both the reviewer and the author remain unidentified.

Advantages:

  • Author Secrecy prevents any reviewer bias based on, for example, an author’s country of origin or previous controversial work.
  • Articles written by ‘prestigious’ or renowned authors are considered on the basis of the content of their papers, rather than on the author’s reputation.

Disadvantage:

  • It is uncertain whether a paper can ever truly be ‘Secret’ – especially in specialty ‘Function’ areas. Reviewers can often identify the author through the paper’s style, subject matter or self-citation.

OPEN REVIEW

Reviewer and author are known to each other.

Advantage:

  • Some technocrat feels this as the best way to prevent hateful comments, stop plagiarism, prevent reviewers from drawing upon their own ‘Plan’ and encourage open, honest reviewing.

Disadvantage:

  • Others argue the opposite view. They see open review as a low process in which Courtesy or fear of revenge may cause a reviewer to refuse or tone down criticism. For example, junior reviewers may hesitate to criticize more senior authors for fear of damaging their Reputation. 

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